Ageing population Myanmar

Ageing population Myanmar 2014-03-27T02:44:16+00:00

Myanmar’s ageing population

     1. Situation of older people

Older people are generally poor in Myanmar, especially in rural areas, but they remain closely connected to family for support according to results of a 2012 survey of older persons are documented in a report by John Knodel and HelpAge International: The Situation of Older Persons in Myanmar.

1.1 The number of older people is growing

The share of older people (aged 60+) in Myanmar’s population is anticipated to increase from about 9 per cent today to nearly 25 per cent by 2050.

About 70% of older people need some assistance with daily living activities. This varies only modestly according to marital status and gender.

1.3 Older people struggle with poverty

In terms of income and assets, older people, especially those in rural areas, can be described as generally poor. A third of older people live in homes without electricity and over half (58%) lack running water, and these situations are particularly common in rural areas. Although the situation has improved over the past decade, on average the homes of older people have few possessions.

1.4 Key facts

Below are the key statistics on Myanmar’s population of older people:

[table color=”#Color_Code”]
[thead]
[tr]
[th][/th]
[th]Current[/th]
[th]2050[/th]
[/tr]
[/thead]
[tbody]
[tr]
[td]Older people (total)i[/td]
[td]4,122,000[/td]
[td]13,566,000[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Older people as percentage of total population ii[/td]
[td]8.5%[/td]
[td]24.5%[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Life expectancy (males) iii[/td]
[td]64[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Life expectancy (females) vi[/td]
[td]68[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Old age dependency ratio (ratio of people 60+ to those of working age) v[/td]
[td]25%[/td]
[td]60%[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Older people in poverty[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Rural older people[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Urban older people[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Older people living alone (60-80) vi[/td]
[td]6.7%[/td]
[td]NA[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Older people living alone (80+)[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[td]-[/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]Older women as a percentage of the population aged 60+ vii [/td]
[td]54.6[/td]
[td]55.7[/td]
[/tr]
[/tbody]
[/table]

Sources:

 i-vi UNFPA and HelpAge International, 2012, Ageing in the 21st Century

v United Nations World Population Prospects: 2010 assessment, in The Situation of Older People in Myanmar

vi HelpAge International, 2013, The Situation of Older Persons in Myanmar: Results from the 2012 Survey of Older Persons

vii HelpAge International, 2013, The Situation of Older Persons in Myanmar: Results from the 2012 Survey of Older Persons

2. Government policies related to older people

There is currently no national policy on older people but one is anticipated soon. The government is considering introducing a means-tested social pension for some people aged 75+ in the near future.

Older People’s Self Help Groups (OPSHGs) are approved by the government. There are currently 63 OPSHGs reaching about 20,000 people.

There are about 70 Homes for the aged covering about 2300 older people. The home care volunteer-based model is implemented by 10 partner organisations and reaches about 17,000 older people.

More information can be found on the Myanmar Government website: http://www.dsw.gov.mm/en/welfare-category/elderly-care-services

     3. Resources[h1] 

The following are recent publications and resources related to Myanmar’s older population.

     4. Our network

The following organisations are part of the HelpAge network in Myanmar:

  • HelpAge Myanmar

References

John Knodel, 2013, The situation of older persons in Myanmar: Results from the 2012 Survey of Older Persons, http://www.helpage.org/download/5177ed58d5356

UNFPA and HelpAge International, 2012, Ageing in the 21st Century: A celebration and a challenge, http://www.helpage.org/download/50af6e9c8f44b

United Nations World Population Prospects: 2010 assessment, in The Situation of Older People in Myanmar, http://www.helpage.org/download/5177ed58d5356

 


 [h1]Recent resources of significance related to older people in the country. These may be produced by the Government, HelpAge or other relevant organizations such as the UN.